Air pollution, the automobile, and public health



Publisher: National Academy Press in Washington, D.C

Written in English
Cover of: Air pollution, the automobile, and public health |
Published: Pages: 692 Downloads: 270
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Places:

  • United States.

Subjects:

  • Automobiles -- Motors -- Exhaust gas -- Toxicology -- United States,
  • Automobiles -- Motors -- Exhaust gas -- Physiological effect -- United States,
  • Automobiles -- Motors -- Exhaust gas -- Environmental aspects -- United States

Edition Notes

Includes bibliographical references and index.

StatementAnn Y. Watson, Richard R. Bates, Donald Kennedy, editors ; sponsored by the Health Effects Institute.
ContributionsWatson, Ann Y., Bates, Richard R., Kennedy, Donald, 1931-, Health Effects Institute.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsRA577.A9 A37 1988
The Physical Object
Paginationviii, 692 p. :
Number of Pages692
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL2034003M
ISBN 100309037263
LC Control Number88009978

  Air pollution: everything you should know about a public health emergency Illustration: Guardian Design Team It isn’t just car fumes that fill our urban centres with particles. As global awareness of air pollution rises, so does the imperative to provide evidence-based recommendations for strategies to mitigate its impact. While public policy has a central role in reducing air pollution, exposure can also be reduced by personal choices. Qualified evidence supports limiting physical exertion outdoors on high air pollution days and near air pollution sources, reducing. Pollution has proved much more persistent, and exposure to it much more damaging, than anyone expected. Today, 91 percent of people worldwide live in areas where air pollution levels exceed the World Health Organization’s recommended limits. The result is a global health emergency, as three new books reveal in sobering detail.   Air pollution has also been associated with a range of other health risks beyond lung disease, including heart disease, dementia, osteoporosis, and even urinary and bladder cancer. In , a study published in The Lancet found that long-term exposure to air pollution contributes to the progression of heart disease by accelerating atherosclerosis, a major cause of heart attack and stroke.

  The health costs of air pollution from roads are higher in London than any other city in Europe, a study has found.. Two other urban areas in the . Campaigners have long been sounding the alarm on the impact of air pollution. “Air pollution is a threat to our health and our economies,” said Minwoo Son, a clean air campaigner at Greenpeace East Asia, in a report issued earlier this year on the global cost of air pollution from fossil fuels, which is . The transportation sector is a leading contributor to both climate change and air pollution. With nearly half of Americans living with unhealthy air, and climate change making it harder to protect public health today, "The Road to Clean Air" report highlights the potential for major public health and climate change benefits through a robust.   More Americans are breathing unhealthy air, even though overall air pollution has decreased in recent decades. In the tug-of-war between air regulations and climate change, global warming is winning.

  One study published this month from researchers at Harvard’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health concluded that even a small increase in long-term exposure to fine particulate air pollution .

Air pollution, the automobile, and public health Download PDF EPUB FB2

Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health [Sponsored by The Health Effects Institute, Kennedy, Donald, Ph.D., Bates, Richard R., M.D., Watson, And public health book Y., Sc.D.

This volume, prepared under the auspices of the Health Effects Institute, an independent research organization created and funded jointly by the Environmental Protection Agency and the automobile industry, brings together experts on atmospheric exposure and on the biological effects of toxic substances to examine what is known—and not known—about the human health risks of automotive emissions.

National Academy Press Constitution Avenue, NW. Washington, DC Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health was sponsored by the Health Effects Institute (HEI.

COVID Resources. Reliable information about the coronavirus (COVID) is available from the World Health Organization (current situation, international travel).Numerous and frequently-updated resource results are available from this ’s WebJunction has pulled together information and resources to assist library staff as they consider how to handle coronavirus.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Watson AY, Bates RR, Kennedy D, editors. Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health.

Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); Cited by: 9. NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Watson AY, Bates RR, Kennedy D, editors.

Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); Some of the Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health. ~ by the Health Effects Institute. National Academy Press, Washington, D.C. 3 benefits of control are obvious: in parts of the country, the the automobile is noticeably cleaner; and with recent improvements in many inspection anc maintenance programs, fewer cars will present gross.

Assuming a causal relationship between current levels of air pollution and morbidity/mortality, it is crucial to estimate the public health relevance of the problem. The derivation of air pollution attributable cases faces inherent uncertainties and requires influential assumptions.

Based on the results of the trinational impact assessment study of Austria, France, and Switzerland, where. Vehicles, Air Pollution, and Human Health Cars and trucks are one Air pollution the leading causes of air pollution—but cleaner vehicles can help.

Published Nearly one half of everyone living in the United States—an estimated million—live in areas that don’t meet federal air quality standards. Air pollution is a major and growing risk factor for ill health in India, contributing significantly to the country’s burden of disease.

As per the Global Burden of Disease comparative risk assessment for   The World Health Organization finds that air pollution is the world’s greatest environmental health risk, killing 7 million people in (compared to million deaths due to malaria). Deteriorating air quality will most affect the elderly, children, people with chronic ill-health.

Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health Get This Book. 图书Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health 介绍、书评、论坛及推荐.

"The combination of scientific and institutional integrity represented by this book is unusual. It should be a model for future endeavors to help quantify environmental risk as a basis for good decisionmaking."--William D.

Ruckelshaus, from the. Cars, trucks, and buses powered by fossil fuels are major contributors to air pollution.

In fact, transportation emits more than half of nitrogen oxides in our air, and is a major source of global warming emissions in the US. ;Studies have linked pollutants from vehicle exhaust to adverse impacts on nearly every organ system in the body.

Get this from a library. Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health. [Bates RR Kennedy D editors Watson AY]. Of course, public health concerns about air pollution are not limited to the United States.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), 92% of the world’s population in was living in areas where WHO air quality guidelines were not met; in addition, outdoor air pollution caused 3 million premature deaths inmostly in low- and.

A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Watson AY, Bates RR, Kennedy D, editors. Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); Cited by: 8.

NCBI Bookshelf. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Watson AY, Bates RR, Kennedy D, editors. Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); Cited by: 3. Health Effects from Automobile Emissions The emissions from millions of vehicles add up.

These emissions are byproducts from the engine combustion process and from the evaporation of fuel. Despite the ever-growing number of vehicles on the road, studies show that ten to thirty percent of vehicles cause the majority of vehicle-related air pollution.

Air pollution is one of the great killers of our age. Polluted air was responsible in for 64 million deaths worldwide: 28 million from household air pollution and 42 million from ambient air pollution.1,2 In the same year, tobacco caused 7 million deaths, AIDS 12 million, tuberculosis 11 million, and malaria 07 million.3 In the absence of aggressive control, ambient air.

Addressing the main sources of air pollution, energy production and automobiles, is a public health concern. From a practical point of view, however, it is critical to recognize that measures to reduce air pollution are cost effective. We don’t even have to make an economic trade off or sacrifice.

Climate change reduces the air quality, and thus, people’s health. Greenhouse gas emissions, including ozone (O3), carbon dioxide (CO2) and particulate matter from fossil fuels, not only cause climate change but also pollute the breathable air, causing many public health problems.

National Climate Assessment claims that climate change will affect the air quality through outdoor and indoor. Air pollution is often attributed to “corporations,” but it is made possible by the actions and choices of consumers — driving cars, using electricity, and purchasing goods and services.

The results include unacceptably dirty air and numerous premature deaths. This paper shall address specific automobile pollutants in relation to causes and public health, to draft possible recommendations to the obstacles, in order to manage the problem.

Causes of automobile Pollution Air pollution has long been associated with motor vehicles as they are operated, fueled, manufactured and even when they are disposed. A service of the National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health. Watson AY, Bates RR, Kennedy D, editors.

Air Pollution, the Automobile, and Public Health. Washington (DC): National Academies Press (US); Cited by:   Discover librarian-selected research resources on Air Pollution from the Questia online library, including full-text online books, academic journals, magazines, newspapers and more.

Home» Browse» Science and Technology» Environmental and Earth Sciences» Air Pollution. Far from a modern-day problem, scientists were aware of the impact of air pollution as far back as the seventeenth century.

Now, as more of us live in cities, we are closer than ever to pollution sources, and the detrimental impact on the environment and our health has reached crisis : Gary Fuller.

In Britain, air pollution kills more people than car accidents and is second only to cigarette smoking as a public health threat. Globally, air pollution is believed to be responsible for 7. Farber: Air pollution from cars and trucks pose a real public health hazard A new report from the American Lung Association lists the cities that have the worst air pollution in the U.S.

Ambient air pollution (AAP) alone imposes enormous costs on the global economy, amounting to more than US$ 5 trillion in total welfare losses in (3).

This public health crisis is receiving more attention, but one critical aspect is often overlooked: how air pollution affects children in uniquely damaging ways.

This invaluable volume, the third in the series Air Pollution Reviews, addresses particular questions relating to air pollution and its effect on health. It deals with the impact of nasal disease on lung exposure, how pollutants are distributed within the lung, and the uncertainties with regard to defining the dose to the lung.

With an estimated million pounds of carbon dioxide released into the air every second, air pollution is at a record high and is a growing public health issue. The Center for Disease Control correlates air pollution with heart and respiratory ailments, such as heart disease, stroke, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and.This open access book not only describes the challenges of climate disruption, but also presents solutions.

The challenges described include air pollution, climate change, extreme weather, and related health impacts that range from heat stress, vector-borne diseases, food and water insecurity and chronic diseases to malnutrition and mental well-being.